LORD  BYRON  and  his  TIMES
Documents Biography Criticism

Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Parr

Ch. I. 1747-1752
Ch. II. 1752-1761
Ch. III. 1761-1765
Ch. IV. 1765-1766
Ch. V. 1767-1771
Ch. VI. 1771
Ch. VII. 1771-1776
Ch. VIII. 1771-1776
Ch. IX. 1776-1777
Ch. X. 1779-1786
Ch. XI. 1779-1786
Ch. XII. 1779-1786
Ch. XIII. 1780-1782
Ch. XIV. 1786-1789
Ch. XV. 1786-1790
Ch. XVI. 1776-1790
Ch. XVII. 1787
Ch. XVIII. 1789
Ch. XIX. 1790-1792
Ch. XX. 1791-1792
Ch. XXI. 1791-1796
Ch. XXII. 1794-1795
Ch. XXIII. 1794
Ch. XXIV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXVI. 1800-1803
Ch. XXVII. 1801-1803
Ch. XXVIII. 1800-1807
Vol. II Contents
Ch I. 1800-1807
Ch II. 1807-1810
Ch III. 1809
Ch IV. 1809-1812
Ch V. 1810-1813
Ch VI. 1811-1815
Ch VII. 1812-1815
Ch VIII. 1816-1820
Ch IX. 1816-1820
Ch X. 1816-1820
Ch XI. 1816-1820
Ch XII. 1816-1820
Ch XIII. 1816-1820
Ch XIV. 1819
Ch XV. 1820-1821
Ch XVI. 1816-1820
Ch XVII. 1820-1824
Ch XVIII. 1820-1824
Ch XIX. 1820-1824
Ch XX. 1820-1825
Creative Commons License

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
Produced by CATH
Biographical notices of some of the more distinguished scholars of Norwich School—Headley—Tweddell—Monro—C. J. Chapman—Maltby—Howes—Goddard—B. Chapman—Trafford Southwell—Sutcliffe, &c.

Of the pupils of Dr. Parr at Norwich, who afterwards rose to honourable distinction in the literary world, tenderly respectful is the mention due, in the first place, to the name of a young and an accomplished scholar—the late Henry Headley—in whom strength of understanding, refinement of taste, extended and various knowledge, combined with amiable and virtuous dispositions, and with correct and dignified conduct, to form a character, of which the intellectual and the moral excellence admirably supported and adorned each other.

His father, an intelligent clergyman, the faithful pastor of a retired village, who discerned the superiority of his son’s talents, sent him, at an early age, to Norwich School. Here he became a good, if not a great scholar; and hence, with a mind inspired with the love, and enriched with the stores of literature, he removed to Oxford. He entered of Trinity College; and regularly proceeded to his degree of A. B. Young as he was, he soon appeared as an author; and he had no cause, in the many pages which he wrote, to implore, in consideration of his youth, the indulgence of his
readers. Even his first productions would stand the test of critical examination; and if such he was, in his youthful bloom, what would he not have been in the full maturity of age?

He was a contributor to a periodical work, on the plan of the Spectator, entitled, “Olla Podrida.” For several years he was a correspondent of the Gentleman’s Magazine; and gained much applause by an elegant volume of original poetry. But his fame chiefly depends upon his two volumes of “Select Beauties of Ancient English Poetry, with Remarks.” By these selections, he has opened to his countrymen a source of pleasing gratification, in the unaffected simplicity and the tender pathos of some of their earliest bards; and, in his own remarks, he has every where exhibited proofs of a pure taste and a discriminatory judgment. The first of his admired works he published, when he had just entered his twentieth year; and before he had completed his twenty-third, he was no more!—a short life, if estimated by the number of its days; but not so, if measured by progress in mental improvement and literary honour. “Quantum ad gloriam longissimum ævum peregit.”

He formed an attachment to a lady, in which his hopes were disappointed; and he afterwards married very unhappily. Whilst grief, from this twofold source, preyed upon his mind, he was attacked by pulmonary disease, to which he was constitutionally disposed. All the symptoms of a rapid decline soon appeared, and he was advised to try the effect of a warmer climate. He went abroad with the usual hope, and returned with the usual
disappointment. His last illness was long and distressing; but he passed through the period of suffering, and closed it, with a happy tenor of mind—desirous of life, yet not fearful of death. At length the deciding moment came; and with meek submission of his own to a higher will, be resigned his mortal existence, November 16, 1788.

His memory has been fragrantly embalmed by the muse of Mr. Bowles; and the following sketch of his character is feelingly drawn by the pen of Mr. Beloe:—“Here let a tribute of the tenderest affection and respect be paid to the memory of one of those ‘bright gems,’ whose lustre was too soon (alas! how soon!) obscured in ‘the dark unfathomed caves’ of death. He, who employs the pen, in delineating his character, knew him in his boyish days; witnessed the earliest dawn of his genius; viewed his progress with delight and astonishment; occasionally aided his literary labours; remarked, also, with no common anguish, the approach of that incurable malady, which finally and abruptly hurried him to the grave.”1

A name of no faint lustre next appears on the list of Dr. Parr’s pupils, in that of the accomplished Tweddell.2 He was born, June 1, 1769, at Threepwood, near Hexham, in Northumberland; and was educated under the tuition, first of the Rev. Matthew Raine, at Hartforth School, in the

1 Sexagenarian, vol. i. p. 172.

2 Pause on the tomb of him who sleeps within:
Fancy’s fond hope, and Learning’s favourite child,
Accomplished Tweddell! &c.

North Riding of Yorkshire; and afterwards of Dr. Parr, as the writer supposes, at Norwich. The rich endowments of the mind, committed to his charge, were early discovered, and skilfully cultivated, by the first of these excellent preceptors; and his plans were pursued and completed, with no less skilful care, by the second. Perfected in all the preparatory learning of Greece and Rome, Mr. Tweddell went to Cambridge, and entered of Trinity College. Here academic honours gathered thick around him; and within the short period of four years, he gained seven university, and three college prizes! The compositions, in Greek, Latin, and English, thus marked with pre-eminence, by the literary judges of Cambridge, when afterwards published, with the title of “
Prolusiones Juveniles,” obtained the praises of all the eminent scholars, both of his own and of foreign countries. Leaving Cambridge, Mr. Tweddell entered himself a student of the Middle Temple; but soon relinquished the study of law for other pursuits, more agreeable to his wishes; and in the autumn of 1795, he set out on his foreign travels.

Having passed through several countries of Russia, Germany, and Switzerland, and visited some of the islands in the Archipelago, he arrived in Greece, and fixed his residence at Athens. Here, for four months, he was diligently occupied in exploring and in delineating, both with his pen and his pencil, the remains of art or science, to be found amidst its venerable ruins. It is impossible to look into the correspondence, published under the title of his “Remains,” without seeing every
where displayed, the energies of a powerful, and reflecting mind, united with the sympathies of a benevolent and feeling heart; exquisite purity of literary, accompanied with no less purity of moral taste; an ardour panting equally after intellectual and virtuous excellence; and an uncommon capacity at once for that close and concentrated attention, which draws knowledge from books, and for that quick and varied observation, which collects it from the survey of men and things. But the hopes, which so much high promise had excited, were doomed to be mournfully disappointed. Returning to Athens, from a tour in Northern Greece,
Mr. Tweddell was seized with a fever, common in that climate, which, on the fourth day, terminated fatally. He died July 25, 1779, and was buried in the Temple of Theseus, now converted into a Christian church.1 On a white marble stone, placed over his grave, is inscribed a “beautiful epitaph,” written in Greek by the Rev. Robert Walpole, of Canon Abbey, near Norwich.2 It was known that Mr. Tweddell had amassed large and valuable materials for publication; but, to the surprise and the regret of his friends and the public, all these disappeared, in a way, which has never yet been satisfactorily explained.

When intelligence of an event, so distressing to every lover of learning and the arts, first reached

1 ——— Rest, loved youth,
In thine own Athens laid! Secure of fame
While worth and science win the world’s applause.

2 See Tweddell’s Remains, p. 14.

Dr. Parr was at Cambridge: and in a letter to a common friend, dated November 19, 1799, he thus gives utterance to the deep-felt sense of his own loss, and to his sympathy with the deeper sorrows of others.—“Oh! Mr. Losh, my heart sank down within me, when I read the melancholy tale in a provincial newspaper; and I was quite unable to fix my thoughts steadily to the subject; and to believe an event, which, if true, must blast so many of my fairest prospects, in that portion of existence, which is reserved for me.”—“Soon after my arrival at Hatton, I will write a letter of consolation to the afflicted father. You may assure him, that no man ever esteemed his son more unfeignedly, ever respected him more deeply, ever loved him more fondly than myself. I cannot calculate my own loss: and in the sorrows of those, to whom he was so near, I sympathise with all my heart and all my soul.”

An honourable name to be recorded among the pupils of Dr. Parr—though the writer is doubtful whether at Stanmore or at Norwich—is that of Peregrine Dealtry, Esq. of Bradenham, near High Wycombe: of whom the following biographical Memoir was written by Dr. Parr himself:—

“He was the son of the late Dr. Dealtry of York, a physician highly esteemed by Boerhaave, to whom he had been pupil; and intimately acquainted with the late Mr. Mason, by whom his talents and virtues are recorded in a very elegant epitaph, which is engraven on Dr. Dealtry’s monument in York Cathedral.

Mr. Dealtry was educated by the Rev. Dr.
Parr; and from the time of his leaving school to the very hour of his death, lived with him, upon terms of the most sincere regard and most unbounded confidence.

“This excellent man was at Ryde, in the Isle of Wight, at the time of his decease, on the morning of Thursday, September I, 1814. He had complained of a slight indisposition, on the preceding evening; not of such a nature as to excite any serious concern in himself or his friends. But when his servant entered his chamber, on the following morning, he found him a corpse.

Mr. Dealtry, who was usually mentioned among his numerous friends by the name of Perry Dealtry, was a gentleman of very amiable character. His manners were simple and unassuming, without the smallest foppery or parade. None of the varied lines of affectation, or of vanity, ever discoloured any part of his conduct. The good which he did, and he did much, was done without any view to publicity, or any of the common stimulants of ostentation. His mind had not been very laboriously cultivated; but he was far from being wanting in discrimination; and he possessed much sterling good sense, without any of the glitter of superior illumination. He never made any pretensions to literature; but in fact his knowledge was more extensive than it appeared to a casual observer; and his remarks often indicated sagacity, and reflection.

“He was a steady friend to civil and religious liberty; and in earlier life had mingled a good deal with men, whose politics were of a less sober
temperament than his own.
Mr. Dealtry loved liberty, as a practical good; in the enjoyment of which all orders of the state had a common interest. He could think for himself, and had opinions of his own; but he never evinced any narrow-minded antipathy to persons, whose sentiments were opposite to those, which he espoused. He could bear and forbear; hence his company was uniformly acceptable. His fortune was ample; and he knew how to observe the right medium between parsimony and extravagance. There was one virtue in which he particularly excelled, and it is not of every day’s occurrence in these times—this was hospitality. But he was not hospitable by fits, or for the occasional gratification of his own pride. His table, which was emblematical of his beneficent disposition, was never scantily supplied. There was always an abundance of viands, and of the best quality, without any profuseness or ostentation. No man was ever more happy to see his friends; no one entertained them, with more unfeigned cordiality. The stranger saw the good-humoured complacency of his host and soon felt himself at home, in his house. In short, he was a man made up, not of showy ingredients, but of all the bland elements. The several good qualities, which constitute a gentle master, a kind neighbour, a warm friend, and a tender relative, were his in no ordinary degree. And the tears which will bedew his grave, are those which are the constant homage of the heart to a character of genuine worth.”

Among the pupils of whom Dr. Parr often spoke
with much affectionate esteem, was the
Rev. Thomas Monro, nephew of the late and cousin of the present eminent physician of that name;—a name, the honours of which he has himself well supported, though in a different profession,1 by his attainments and his virtues. “He was an admirable scholar,” says Mr. Beloe, “and the delight of all who knew him.”2 After completing his course of study, under his learned preceptor at Norwich, he went to Oxford, and was admitted of Magdalen college. He greatly distinguished himself, whilst at Oxford, by the share which he took in the “Olla Podrida,” a periodical work of considerable merit, before alluded to: of which a second edition appeared in 1788. His coadjutors in that work were Bishop Horne, Mr. Greaves, author of the Spiritual Quixote, Mr. Headley, Mr. Kett, and some others. With the ardent love of literature, it may seem strange to tell, that he united an almost equally ardent love of fox-hunting. To this last circumstance he probably owed his introduction to the friendly notice of Lord Maynard: by whom he was presented to the valuable rectory of Eyton Magna in Essex. Here he constantly resided; intermingling with the duties of the sacred office, and those of private tuition, the pursuits of useful and elegant literature.

Besides the contributions to the “Olla Podrida,” Mr. Monro is the author of the following works—“Essays on Various Subjects”—“Modern Britons”—“Spring in London”—and, in

1 Sexagenarian, vol. i. p. 181. 2 See page 414.

conjunction with
Mr. Beloe, he gave to the English public a “Translation of the Epistles of Alciphron;” an ancient writer, of whom little is known; but whose work Mr. Monro pronounces to be “the production of an elegant mind and a vigorous imagination.”1

It is darkly and insidiously hinted, rather than fairly stated, by the “Sexagenarian,”2 who was then Dr. Parr’s assistant teacher at Norwich, that one of his pupils, in consequence of something in the treatment, which he received from his master, “at which his generous and manly mind revolted,” suddenly disappeared from school. The insinuation, there is too much room to apprehend, was “set down in malice:” it is, at least, entirely unsupported by fact, if the following statement, given on the high authority of Dr. Butler, is to be believed:—“The boy’s disappearance from school was owing to no previous cause of complaint whatever; but entirely to the persuasions of another, who was disposed to run away, and who wanted a companion. He soon returned; confessed his fault; was restored to his place without the slightest punishment; and ever afterwards proved himself a diligent, dutiful, and grateful pupil.” This youth, seriously wrong only in this one act, grew up into the wise and the virtuous man, and subsequently became the amia-

1 Another learned and sagacious critic seems to have estimated the merits of this work at a lower rate. “As an ancient writer, Alciphron deserves to be perused,” says Dr. Jortin; “but whoever expects much entertainment, will be disappointed.”

2 Vol. i. p. 180.

ble and exemplary clergyman. He respected and loved his master, as long as he lived; and owed to him, through the whole course of life, many important obligations, which he always felt and acknowledged. It can be no discredit to his memory, to add the name of the
Rev. Thomas Monro.

Another of Dr. Parr’s much-esteemed pupils, and afterwards his friend and correspondent, was the late Rev. Charles John Chapman, B.D., who, for twelve years was the under minister, and for twenty-two years the upper minister of St. Peter’s Mancroft in Norwich. Benevolent in his heart, and upright in his conduct, mild in his temper, and amiable in his manners, he obtained, and he deserved, the respect blended with the love of all those, with whom he associated, or to whom he was known.

Faithful in the discharge of his clerical duties, he entitled himself to the esteem and the gratitude of his parishioners; who testified the just sense they entertained of his merits, by the unanimous choice, which raised him from the lower to the higher station in their church. Besides pecuniary contributions, his beneficence took the nobler form of personal services, directed to the interest of all the great public charities, established in the ancient city of which he was a denizen. All these owe to him obligations, which cannot easily be estimated, and will not soon be forgotten.

After finishing his studies, under the care of his learned preceptor, whom he ever revered as his friend, as well as his tutor, he went to Cambridge, and was admitted a member of Corpus Christi
college. He took his degree of B.A. in 1789, and regularly proceeded M.A. and B.D. In 1792 he entered on the duties of his sacred office in Norwich; and to the good opinion of his fellow-townsmen he was indebted for the only preferment which he ever obtained. He died April 28, 1826, in the fifty-eighth year of his age.

On the list of Dr. Parr’s pupils, a distinguished name next occurs in that of he Rev. Edward Maltby—eminent as a scholar and as a divine; who has deservedly obtained high preferment in that church to which he belongs, and which be adorns. Of those, who have received the benefit of Dr. Parr’s instructions, it would be difficult to name any one, who has reflected upon him greater honour; and it will not be thought surprising that the mutual attachment of such a tutor and such a pupil, should have ripened into a sincere friendship, and constituted the source of mutual happiness through the course of life. Their views on all the great subjects of literature, morals, and theology, and of civil and ecclesiastical polity, very nearly assimilated; and, in the same noble spirit of religious liberality, both alike participated. Honoured with a token of remembrance, he is characterised in the “Last Will” of Dr. Parr, “as his beloved pupil and friend, the very learned Dr. Maltby.”

Of the valuable works, by which Dr. Maltby has already benefited the learned, and instructed the religious world, the principal are the following: A new edition, corrected and enlarged, of “Morell’s Lexicon Græco-Prosodiacum”—“Illustra-
tions of the Truth of the Christian Religion”—“Sermons,” in 2 vols. 8vo.

Of the first of these, Dr. Parr often spoke in terms of high approbation, as a work of profound erudition, and of laborious investigation; in all respects worthy of his pupil, and which would not have been unworthy of himself.—Of the second, Dr. Parr once conveyed his opinion to the writer in nearly the following words: “What! have not you read Maltby’s Illustrations? Then get the book. You will be delighted with it. It is replete with sound learning, strong sense, and just reasoning. Its piety is pure, and its charity perfect. You will find your own friends treated, as they ought to be, with great respect, as good scholars and good Christians. Even the infidels are refuted, but never abused.”—Of the “sermons,” Dr. Parr considered the theology to be that of the English church, in its best times. There is in them, he said, no “evangelical mysticism”—no “methodistical jargon;” but all is pure Christianity, as it appeared to him, exhibited in all its beauty and all its energy. As compositions, he thought the style clear, vigorous, and impressive; though not often touched with pathos, yet always animated with the fervour of strong feeling, and with the eloquence of deep and solemn conviction. Upon the whole, it was his opinion, that the church has produced no sermons of superior, and few of equal, merit, since the days of Clarke, Sherlock, Jortin, and Balguy.

With the following short enumeration of some respectable names, which have come to the writer’s
knowledge, the present account must close. The
Rev. Francis Howes, author of a “Translation of Persius,” and of a volume of “Poetical Translations from various Grecian and Roman writers;” Rev. B. Chapman; Rev. L. Robinson; Rev. — Hasnall, Rev. — Sutcliffe, Sigismund Trafford Southwell, William Dalrymple, Thomas Norgate, Philip M. Martineau, and John Pitchford, Esqrs. Most of these are mentioned in Dr. Parr’s “Will,” “as his excellent pupils and friends,” to whom he bequeaths rings, “as a small token of his affectionate regard.”