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Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Parr
Ch XVI. 1816-1820

Ch. I. 1747-1752
Ch. II. 1752-1761
Ch. III. 1761-1765
Ch. IV. 1765-1766
Ch. V. 1767-1771
Ch. VI. 1771
Ch. VII. 1771-1776
Ch. VIII. 1771-1776
Ch. IX. 1776-1777
Ch. X. 1779-1786
Ch. XI. 1779-1786
Ch. XII. 1779-1786
Ch. XIII. 1780-1782
Ch. XIV. 1786-1789
Ch. XV. 1786-1790
Ch. XVI. 1776-1790
Ch. XVII. 1787
Ch. XVIII. 1789
Ch. XIX. 1790-1792
Ch. XX. 1791-1792
Ch. XXI. 1791-1796
Ch. XXII. 1794-1795
Ch. XXIII. 1794
Ch. XXIV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXVI. 1800-1803
Ch. XXVII. 1801-1803
Ch. XXVIII. 1800-1807
Vol. II Contents
Ch I. 1800-1807
Ch II. 1807-1810
Ch III. 1809
Ch IV. 1809-1812
Ch V. 1810-1813
Ch VI. 1811-1815
Ch VII. 1812-1815
Ch VIII. 1816-1820
Ch IX. 1816-1820
Ch X. 1816-1820
Ch XI. 1816-1820
Ch XII. 1816-1820
Ch XIII. 1816-1820
Ch XIV. 1819
Ch XV. 1820-1821
‣ Ch XVI. 1816-1820
Ch XVII. 1820-1824
Ch XVIII. 1820-1824
Ch XIX. 1820-1824
Ch XX. 1820-1825
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
Produced by CATH
A.D. 1816—1820.
Dr. Parr’s friendly intercourse with Dr. Rees—and Dr. Lindsay—His occasional attendance on divine service in dissenting chapels—His opinion of the Rev. Robert Hall—His letters to the Rev. Charles Berry—Biographical notice of the Rev. Peter Emans—Dr. Parr’s kind feelings towards those of different sects—His encomium on Dr. Lindsay—His letter to Dr. Rees.

Among the divines, not of his own church, with whom Dr. Parr in his later years associated and occasionally corresponded, was the late Rev. Abraham Rees, D.D. F.R.S., minister of the dissenting chapel in Jewin-street, London. He is known to the public as the author of four volumes of excellent sermons; and, still more, as the editor of the new “London Cyclopedia.” For several years he usually passed five or six weeks, in the summer, at Leamington near Warwick, which, from an insignificant village, has lately risen to the consequence of one of the largest and most fashionable watering-places in the kingdom; and from his dignified person, his cheerful temper, his easy and obliging manners, and his entertaining and instructive conversation, he was always the centre of attraction in every company in which he appeared.

But the circumstance which rendered these annual visits peculiarly agreeable to him, was the opportunity they afforded of enjoying much pleasing
intercourse with
Dr. Parr, who, on his part, was no less delighted with the conversation of Dr. Rees. Few days passed on which they did not meet, either at Hatton or Leamington, or at the house of some common friend; and, on these occasions, the writer had frequently the pleasure of being one of the company. It was highly gratifying to witness the sincere esteem and affection, which these two divines, though of different churches, felt and expressed for each other; and the unreserved freedom with which they conversed on all subjects, from the gay and the amusing to the serious and important. In the course of their long conferences, they ranged together, it might almost be said, through the whole circle of the sciences, not wholly excluding the arts, comprehended within the vast compass of that laborious work which one of them has presented to the world. Their sentiments on all the great questions of theology, politics, and literature, generally harmonised; and where they differed, it is hardly necessary to say, they differed without the smallest diminution of mutual respect.

A vehement debate, in which they once engaged, occurs at this moment to the writer’s recollection. He had entertained at dinner, Dr. Parr, Dr. Rees, Dr. Lindsay, the Reverends Timothy and David Davis, and a large party of friends, at Leam; and, in the course of much interesting and animated conversation, some theological questions were started; and, amongst others, the Arian notion of the person of Christ, to which Dr. Rees was zealously attached; and which, with a sort of public challenge, he stood forth to defend. Somewhat to
the surprise of every one, Dr. Parr accepted the challenge; and maintained, in opposition to him, the unitarian doctrine, perspicuously stating, and forcibly urging, the principal arguments on this side of the long-disputed question. The debate was ably sustained; and each of the disputants put forth all his strength in the friendly contest. It is no discredit to Dr. Rees to say that, in the faculty of reasoning, and still more in the powers of eloquence, he was inferior to his great opponent, who, on closing the debate, took care to set himself right with the company, by declaring that, though he had said what might be fairly said in favour of unitarianism, yet he was not himself an unitarian. But if his opinions did not exactly accord with the doctrine of that sect, it will appear, however, in a subsequent page, that they did not widely differ from it.

The late Dr. James Lindsay, whose name has just been mentioned, was an extraordinary man; surpassed by few in all the best and noblest qualities, which constitute intellectual and moral greatness. For many years, he was the pastor of the Scots’ church, in Monkwell-street, London; and was the immediate successor of the celebrated Dr. Fordyce. It was in the summer of 1814 that he accompanied Dr. Rees in his visit to Leamington; and the opportunity was gladly embraced by Dr. Parr of cultivating a more intimate acquaintance with one, whom he had long known, and had as long admired and loved. Their intercourse was frequent, and mutually agreeable. Dr. Lindsay possessed great powers of conversation; and it was plea-
sant to observe that Dr. Parr was sometimes put to the full and vigorous exertion of his own powers, in order to maintain his accustomed superiority.

During the period of his stay at Leamington, Dr. Lindsay once conducted the morning-service of the High-street chapel, Warwick, on which occasion Dr. Parr had declared his intention of being present; nor did he think it any degradation to appear in the full dress of a clergyman, though within walls not consecrated by episcopalian authority. The sermon, delivered by Dr. Lindsay, was an interesting and instructive discourse, since published, “On the character of the beloved disciple;” and both in it, and in the prayers which were put up, some expressions were introduced, respectful to the great divine then present, and to the church of which he was a minister. At the close of it, Dr. Parr declared that he had seldom attended any religious service with a higher degree of satisfaction; and, alluding particularly to the discourse, he said to a friend, on leaving the chapel, “this is true Christianity.”

It is well known that, through life, he was in the habit of going occasionally to places of worship protected,—as he used to say, “most wisely and most justly protected”—though not established, by state authority. His feelings on this subject were exactly those expressed in the following passage from the pen of a liberal divine, some time ago deceased:1—“I know not how it is, but I confess, though a clergyman of the establishment, I see no evil in joining, for public worship, or social inter-

1 Simpson’s Plea for Religion.

course, with any of the denominations of Christians. I hear what passes with candour; join, where I approve; and reject whatever appears contrary to Scripture, and the plain dictates of sound reason and common sense. I am well aware this comes not up to the full standard of orthodoxy. But if such conduct constitutes a bad churchman, I am not anxious to be accounted a good one.” In the same spirit,
Dr. Parr thus writes to a friend:—“You are aware of those jealousies and prejudices which churchmen feel upon any connexion whatever with persons who are not of the national church. I feel them not; I disapprove of them speculatively; I resist them practically. But many of my clerical brethren are out of humour with me for so doing.”

So in-wrought were these sentiments into the mind of Dr. Parr, that no ridicule or reproach could produce upon them the least effect. Some years ago, after attending morning-service at one of the chapels in Manchester, he happened to dine in company with a zealous Church-of-England man, who immediately began to question him tauntingly on the subject. “Well! Dr. Parr,” said he, “where have you been this morning?”—“To Cross-street chapel,” was the answer. “What! to a dissenting chapel!” exclaimed he scornfully;—“how strange!” Then, after a moment’s pause, resuming in the same tone—“And pray, Dr. Parr,” said he, “where will you go next?”—“Sir, do you ask,” replied Dr. Parr, speaking slowly and solemnly, “where I shall go next?—Why, sir, if I remember, and practically regard what I have
heard this morning, the place I shall go to last—if not next—is—heaven!”1

There were few of the more distinguished dissenting divines, of whom Dr. Parr had not been, at one time or other, a hearer; and to the respective merits of each he was always eager to render the meed of his sincere and generous praise. He has several times heard the celebrated Mr. Hall preach; and, on one of these occasions, being asked by a friend whether he had been pleased—“Pleased,” replied he, “Sir, I have been enraptured!”—To another friend, who had observed, that of all the eminent preachers among the various classes of dissenters, Mr. Hall might claim the first place:—“Yes, sir,” said Dr. Parr, “and you might have added, within the pale of the church too.”

Of one of the most admired of Mr. Hall’s published discourses, that “on Modern Infidelity,” Dr. Parr thus speaks:—“In common with all men of letters, I read with exquisite delight Mr. Hall’s sermon, lately published. As compositions, his former works are replete with excellence; but this last approaches to perfection, μετα του σεμνου την χάριν εχει.” Mr. Hall himself, Dr. Parr thus highly panegyrises:—“I will give my general opinion of him,” says he, “in words which were employed to describe a prelate, whose writings are,

1 Dr. Parr was once present in a dissenting chapel, seated near the pulpit, when the officiating minister was one of inferior merit, which gave occasion to the following jeu-d’esprit:—

A paradox of paradoxes the greatest by far.
Parr below the preacher, and yet the preacher below par.

I believe, familiar to him; and whom he strongly resembles, not, perhaps, in variety of learning, but in fertility of imagination, in vigour of thinking, in rectitude of intention, and holiness of life. Yes, Mr. Hall, like
Bishop Taylor, has the eloquence of an orator, the fancy of a poet, the acuteness of a schoolman, the profoundness of a philosopher, and the piety of a saint.”1 To this testimony he has added another, in the following clause of his Last Will:—“I bequeath a mourning ring to the Rev. Robert Hall, as a mark of my reverence for his exemplary virtues, and of my admiration of his sublime and hallowed eloquence.”

Among the dissenting clergy, whom Dr. Parr received into the number of his personal friends, was the Rev. Charles Berry, of Leicester; of whom he often spoke in high terms, as uniting strong powers of mind with a good share of solid and useful learning, and a keen sense of moral purity and propriety with the affections of a benevolent heart, and the attractions of unassuming and amiable temper and manners. In two long letters, with which the writer has been obligingly furnished, the plan of a classical education is traced, by Dr. Parr, in bold outline, intended for the use of Mr. Berry, in which, among other expressions of friendly regard, the following occur:—“Remembering that you, my dear sir, are endowed with good sense, and with more than usual capacity for good taste, I shall give you some advice upon the questions you proposed to me, about the education of your children. I shall endeavour to

1 Spital Sermon, Notes, p. 63.

put you and your boys, in a strait path, and upon strong grounds; and you will consider this code of instruction as a decisive mark of my friendship for you.” Then, having prescribed the method, in which he thought the Greek and Latin might best be studied, in order to form the complete and accomplished scholar, he thus humorously proceeds: “I can forgive your heresy, and your schism; but I think you ought to be tormented in Tartarus, seven years, if you do not follow my advice, implicitly, implicitly, implicitly. I am looking to use, not to display: and I speak with the authority, which experience justifies me in assuming.”—Afterwards, entering on another part of his subject, he thus writes:—“I have only to speak on one more subject; and I speak feelingly. If you wish your boys to be good theologians, make them good biblical grammarians:” and having given minute directions as to the best means of accomplishing that object, he adds, “when once they are thus become good grammarians, they may take their choice for heterodoxy or orthodoxy; though, probably, they will care little for either.”—Drawing the second of his two letters to a close, thus he expresses himself:—“As I seldom see you, I have written very fully: and as I really esteem you, I have written, also, very earnestly. I beg you will send your answer by
Dr. Hill, who is coming to my birth-day feast, on the 11th of January. I wish you lived near me. Give my compliments and best wishes to your wife; and to your children, I send my services and affectionate blessing.—I am, dear Sir, truly your well-wisher, &c.—S. Parr, Dec. 21, 1819.”


There was another dissenting divine, who resided in his own neighbourhood, long since deceased, for whom Dr. Parr professed high regard, and with whom he always gladly associated. He had, like Dr. Parr, an extensive knowledge of books; and, like him, too, possessed a large and well-chosen library; which he purchased with the careful savings of a very scanty income;1 and in which he found the chief occupation and enjoyment of his life. It happened, in his later years, that pecuniary difficulties compelled him to think of selling, at least, some considerable portion of his books; when Dr. Parr, being informed of these difficulties, summoned the present writer to a conference, in order to devise, if possible, the means of relief. He began with protesting, as a point which he had previously and decidedly fixed, that not a single volume of that library should, with his consent, be sold. He then desired to know what sum would meet the necessity of the case; and, being told about 200l., after the pause of a moment, he recommended a subscription; declaring, that what could not be raised of that sum elsewhere, should be advanced by himself, and by some of his own friends, to whom he would immediately apply. “Never,” said he, speaking with ardour, “shall our friend have to mourn the loss of his books. No, No! he shall not be deprived, in his old age,

1Bromley’s Remarks on the Grand Tour of France and Italy.—This book was once in the possession of the Rev. Mr. Emans, a studious dissenting minister of Coventry; who, with a small income, contrived to buy many good books. S. P.”—Bibl. Parr: p. 702.

of the solace, which they alone can afford.”—Of this generous offer, however, it was not found necessary to take advantage; as the money was obtained by loan, from other quarters.

The person here referred to, was the Rev. Peter Emans, of Coventry; and as the much-respected friend of Dr. Parr, and his own, the writer hopes to be pardoned, if he indulge, for a moment, in the recollection of a very amiable and estimable man. A vigorous understanding, assiduously cultivated; a judgment truly, almost severely correct; learning, various, extensive, and accurate; piety, rational, unostentatious, and deep-felt; benevolence, which breathed its fervid spirit in warm affection to his friends, in feeling compassion to the distressed, in generous regards to all his fellow-creatures around him, and even in humane consideration for the sensitive creatures below him:—these were the predominating qualities, accompanied with the exactest attention to the little proprieties and kind offices of social life, and recommended by the charms of gay, cheerful, even playful temper, and of obliging unassuming manners, which combined to form in him a character of no common excellence and dignity. As a Christian, his faith was the effect of sincere conviction, the fruit of long, learned, and anxious investigation; and whilst his views of Christian doctrine were different, in many important respects, from those of the prevailing creed; yet he was never forward to question the opinions, or to oppose the prejudices of others. As a preacher, his sermons were well arranged and well digested,
usually directed to the great objects of practical religion; always judicious and instructive; somewhat deficient in animation and pathos; but distinguished by seriousness of thought, by justness and strength of reasoning; by great purity and perspicuity, and some vigour of style. He published nothing with his name; but he was a frequent writer in the
Monthly Review, in the earlier and better days of that first and best of all the early critical journals.

In the younger part of life, Mr. Emans was known and received, with honourable distinction, in a wide circle, in which were some men of the higher orders in society, and some of the greatest eminence in literature. But during his later years, straitened circumstances, and an obscure situation, though unattended with the slightest querulousness of temper, or with the smallest degradation of exterior appearance or manner, threw a veil over the many excellencies of his character, and prevented some from discerning, and others from duly honouring them. He was born in London; and his education, which was begun at St. Paul’s school, was completed at Mile End academy. After various settlements at Dorking, Ipswich, Nottingham, and some other places, he finally fixed himself at Coventry. Through his long life, he was never once laid on the bed of sickness; till, on a visit to a friend at Dudley, he was suddenly seized with a painful disorder; and, within a few days, expired, June 28, 1810, in the seventy-fourth year of his age, not leaving one surviving relative, near or distant, to lament his loss; but
followed to the grave by the deep regrets of all who had the happiness to know him. ϕευ ω αγαθη χαι πιστη ψυχη, οιχη δε απολιπων ημας.1

Dr. Parr was one of those who considered dissent as a good rather than an evil; and who acknowledged, in the various classes of dissenters, instead of enemies, useful auxiliaries to the church. He often said, that the great cause of religion derived benefit from diversity of opinions, and opposition of views and interests in its professors; because, thus, attention is awakened, inquiry stimulated, and discussion promoted: of all which the general result must be favourable to truth and virtue. He thought that the church owed much obligation to dissenting divines, for their many able defences of the great common principles of Christianity; and that its thanks were even due for writings, which objected to what appeared to them erroneous or defective, in the national system of doctrine or discipline; because well-founded objection is sure, at last, to produce conviction, and conviction amendment and improvement. He felt an utter contempt for such little-minded men; great, though they might be, in other respects, as those, of whom Bishop Watson mentions one1—an eminent divine, too, in the church—who, on accidentally opening a book, written by a dissenter, immediately closed it, declaring that “he never read dissenting divinity.”3 Two or three times

1 Xenophon.

2 See the admirable preface to Bishop Watson’s Collection of Theological Tracts, p. xix.

3 It should seem that some Church of-England worthies

Dr. Parr has publicly censured, in
Bishop Halifax, of whom, however, he thought highly, “the Warburtonian spirit,” which induced him contemptuously to call the author of the “Credibility of the Gospel History,” “the laborious Dr. Lardner.”1—“To my weak understanding, and grovelling spirit,” says he, “it does not seem the best method for supporting the general interests of literature and religion, that one scholar should speak thus of another; not upon a doubtful or unimportant subject of taste or criticism, but upon the merits of a work, intended like that of Lardner, to uphold the common cause of Christianity.”2

Impressed with these views, so far from wishing ill to dissenting societies, Dr. Parr always rejoiced to hear of their prosperity; and was even willing to assist in promoting it. “If dissent, and with it the spirit of generous rivalry, should ever be annihilated,” he was accustomed to say, “so much the worse for our church: for, in that case, its clergy and its members, amisso cui æmulari consueverant in segnitiam torporemque resoluti essent.” The wants of indigent ministers of other denominations, if

carry their proscription of dissenting writings beyond the science of theology. The writer once heard Dr. Rees tell, to the great amusement of Dr. Parr, a story of an Oxford divine, who had ordered the New Cyclopedia, at its first appearance, to be sent to him regularly; but who, after receiving ten or twelve numbers, made the woful discovery that the editor was not of the church; when, instantly he returned to his bookseller, to be disposed of as he could, all the numbers already purchased, with orders to send no more!

1 Preface to Warburtonian Tracts, p. 109.

2 Reply to Combe, p. 29.

properly made known to him, he was as ready to relieve as those of his own church; and his contribution towards the building or repairing of dissenting chapels was seldom solicited in vain. He used to say, “we of the church are more bound, from our situation, to aid in supporting the institutions of other sects, than they are to aid in supporting ours. The state takes care of us: and we ought to take a little good care of them.” When, a few years ago, some improvements and embellishments were proposed in the High-street chapel, Warwick, Dr. Parr gave five guineas towards the expense; to which many other members of the established church, after his example, liberally contributed. On that occasion he said to the writer, “your people ought to give more attention to the appearance of your places of worship; such places ought not only to be decent, but handsome: divine service loses something of its proper dignity, when performed in mean or unsuitable edifices.” He hardly ever visited any considerable town or village, in his occasional journeys, without inquiring into the state of the dissenting congregations and the character of their ministers; and when he received favourable reports, it was always with evident satisfaction that he communicated them to the present writer, at their first meeting after his return.

He was much gratified by an invitation, which he received and accepted, to dine with a number of dissenting ministers, at the library founded by the Rev. Dr. Williams in Red-Cross-street, London; and spoke afterwards with great pleasure of
the large collection of books with which it is furnished, and the numerous portraits of distinguished divines by which it is adorned. His concern for the honour and the happiness of the dissenting clergy led him to remark, with regret, the restraint, under which they are too often held by their congregations. Though fettered by their forms in other respects, yet, in that respect, he said, the ministers in the church enjoyed more freedom than those out of it: and he concurred in the observation of a friend that, among the non-conformists in England, and the Presbyterians in Scotland, “it was not the learned who teach the people what to believe; but the people who prescribe to the learned what they are to teach.” He sometimes expressed great solicitude about the proper education of young candidates for the dissenting ministerial office; and never ceased to deplore deeply their exclusion from the two universities; a measure which he always reprobated, as no less unwise in the state, than unjust to them. Speaking of our academical institutions, he lamented that they were formed on so small a scale, and dependent on such scanty funds; and he asked why York academy was not converted into a large and noble college, which might invite numbers, and obtain, as in that case he doubted not it would, a considerable share of public support? With what joy, if he had lived a few months longer, would he have hailed the wise, liberal, and magnificent project of the London University!

Once being present at the high bailiff’s annual dinner in Birmingham, it was mentioned to him
that when the toast “To the health of the clergy” was sometimes followed by another, “To that of the dissenting ministers of the town,” many churchmen, jealous of what they conceived the dignity of the church, hesitated or refused to receive it. As soon, therefore, as the latter toast had been given, and duly honoured,
Dr. Parr rose to address the company. He began with returning thanks for the compliment paid, in the first instance, to the church of which he was a member; and then went on to state, as the strong and settled conviction of his mind, derived not from desultory reading, but from long and laborious study, that the principles of the English church were those of toleration, carried to their utmost extent: and that there was a time—“though we have seen,” said he, “a long and dreary interval—when archbishops and bishops, the highest dignitaries and the brightest luminaries of the church, thought themselves honoured, in cultivating the acquaintance and the friendship of the heads of the dissenting churches.” Reasoning thus from the writings and the conduct of the greatest and best men, in the purest and best times of the church, he insisted that its true principles were those of the most perfect liberality towards all, who conscientiously dissent from it: and he concluded in nearly the following words—“In these principles, I thank God, I have been brought up; in the maintenance of these principles, I have lived; and in the avowal of these principles, I hope I shall die.” He then walked round the room; shook hands with many
of the dissenting clergy then present; and, as it was growing late, retired.

The just and the generous principles, not of bare tolerance, but of esteem and affection towards the sincere and the worthy of all sects, which Dr. Parr hoped to maintain till death, it may almost be said, he avowed and maintained even after it. In his “Last Will,” he has recorded his assurances of kind and respectful regards to more than thirty individuals, not of his own church; and among them are the names of the following divines—Dr. Rees, Dr. Lindsay, Mr. Belsham, Mr. Hall, Mr. Cogan, Mr. Shepherd, and Mr. Corrie. To all these he has bequeathed mourning rings, as tokens of friendship; and—will the reader pardon the seeming or the real vanity of the writer in adding of himself—that he also was honoured with the same mark of friendly regard, accompanied, too, with expressions, gratifying, he confesses, in the highest degree, to his feelings—“Hoc juvat, et melli est, non mentiar!”1

Dr. Lindsay, whose name is thus enrolled among the friends of Dr. Parr, died four years before him. In an assembly of divines of the three denominations of dissenters, convened at the library in Red-Cross-street, for the purpose of considering Mr. Brougham’s proposed plan of national education, Dr. Lindsay had delivered his sentiments on that important subject, and had just resumed his seat—when, falling suddenly into the arms of those

1 Horace.

around him, he expired, Feb. 14, 1821, in the sixty-fourth year of his age.

Soon after this lamented event—speaking to the writer, in a tone of deep-felt grief—“Ah!” said Dr. Parr, “our friend Lindsay is gone!”—“Oh! he was a noble creature!—We shall long remember him—long mourn his loss.” On a subsequent occasion, he expressed his opinion nearly in the terms, and quite to the effect, that follows:—“He had fine talents: he had a good store of ancient learning; and of modern literature his knowledge was various, extended, and well digested.—Then, as to his moral qualities, there, we can scarcely say too much—he was pure in heart; social in temper; benevolent in spirit; most upright in conduct. Some would say there was a sternness about his integrity; and a vehemence, almost passionate, in urging the right, and opposing the wrong, as it appeared to him, in sentiment or action. But, in reality, there was all the sweetness, as well as all the fairness, of candour. In debate, if he was sometimes warm, he was never overbearing: if there was pressing earnestness, there was no discourtesy in his manner. As a patriot and a philanthropist, the love of his country and of his kind was in him a glowing passion, as well as a steady principle. As a Christian and a preacher, religion was in him a subject of ardent feeling, as well as of honest profession; and, though destitute of the graces of elocution, yet he possessed, in no inferior degree, all the eloquence, which sincere conviction, vivid conceptions, strong emotions, and great command of language can supply.”


Adverting to his “Discourses,” of which a volume had been recently published, Dr. Parr affirmed that “in all the first and best qualities of sermons, there were few in the English language that could be placed above them.” For clear arrangement, for cogent reasoning, for just and striking observation, for purity and energy of moral sentiment, for fervour of devotional and benevolent feeling, and for all the charms of a style, chaste, terse, flowing and elegant, sometimes tenderly pathetic, and sometimes rising towards the impressively solemn and sublime—these sermons, he said, almost touch the point of perfection. In his own copy they are characterized as “eloquent and philosophical;” and in the same copy is inserted the following inscription:—“Presented to Dr. Parr in testimony of profound respect for distinguished talents, uniformly employed under the guidance of an upright mind, and the impulses of a kind and benevolent heart, in promoting the great cause of truth and freedom—from the author.”1

During his occasional visits at Manchester, Dr. Parr was always delighted to renew his friendly intercourse with the late Rev. W. Hawkes, for more than thirty years minister of the chapel in Morely-street, erected with a particular view to the benefit of his services, by a number of respectable persons, who had long known, and who greatly appreciated his talents as a preacher, and his merits as a man. Though he was one of those men of superior claims, but diffident of themselves,

1 Bibl. Parr. p. 68.

who shrink from the gaze of public observation; yet he could not conceal the many excellencies of his character from the notice and admiration of an extended circle of friends and acquaintances. Among these was Dr. Parr; who often spoke in terms of high commendation of the great and good qualities of his understanding and his heart. Perhaps the tie of union was closer drawn between them by the circumstance that both were accustomed to regard, with comparative indifference, the points of doctrine about which Christians differ: and to reflect in their own minds, and to insist in their preaching, far more on the great points, in which they are all agreed. In the
Bibl. Parr,1 annexed to the title “Hawkes’ Sermons, 2 vols.” is added this note:—“A man of deep reflection: and a very perspicuous and correct writer.—S. P.”

It was [about the year 1820, that Dr. Rees discontinued his annual visits to Leamington; a circumstance which seems to have given occasion to the following letter, or, at least, to some of the expressions contained in it. The reader will be struck with that part, in which Dr. Parr acknowledges the pleasure and the benefit, which both himself and his parishioners had derived, from the use of Dr. Rees’s published sermons, in his own church-services at Hatton.

“Dear and excellent Dr. Rees,—The sympathies of friendship are rather invigorated, than enfeebled in my mind, by old age. I shall always reflect with pleasure and with pride, that I had

1 P. 64.

the honour of ranking such an enlightened man as Dr. Rees among my friends. I received your letter, with more than usual interest; for it recalled to me many scenes of rational delight, which are to return no more. We have lost
Dr. Lindsay; but the remembrance of his talents, attainments, upright principles, and generous spirit, will glow in your bosom, and my own, till we sink into the grave. Dr. Rees, I am sure that no personal partialities have influenced my judgment, in my estimation of the sermons which you gave to Mrs. Parr. I have preached more than half of them. They guide me, and they animate me, as a preacher. They satisfy me as a critic. They strongly resemble the sermons of Jortin; and they impress me with no painful feeling of inferiority, when they have been interrupted by his discourses, and those of Clarke, Bishop Pearce, and Sherlock. I wish you were an eye-witness of the ardour which they inspire, when I deliver them from the pulpit. Joyfully and thankfully shall I receive the two additional volumes; and you may be assured that I shall unreservedly tell you my opinion of their merits.—Why do you abandon your purpose of going to Leamington; where the baths and the waters, as you know experimentally, are favourable to your health? At our advanced time of life, procrastination is very dangerous. Come to your old apartment at Copp’s, Do not forget how much your lively conversation, your good manners, your good sense, and your good nature cheered young and old, male and female, churchmen and non-cons, when you were
at the head of the table.—I suppose you will not be a gazer at the coronation. Have you seen
Glover’s answer to our famous polemic, Bishop Marsh? Pray read it. Upon public affairs, you and I have the same fears, and the same indignation.—With great sincerity I subscribe myself your friend and respectful obedient servant,

“S. Parr.”