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Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Parr
Ch. XV. 1786-1790

Ch. I. 1747-1752
Ch. II. 1752-1761
Ch. III. 1761-1765
Ch. IV. 1765-1766
Ch. V. 1767-1771
Ch. VI. 1771
Ch. VII. 1771-1776
Ch. VIII. 1771-1776
Ch. IX. 1776-1777
Ch. X. 1779-1786
Ch. XI. 1779-1786
Ch. XII. 1779-1786
Ch. XIII. 1780-1782
Ch. XIV. 1786-1789
‣ Ch. XV. 1786-1790
Ch. XVI. 1776-1790
Ch. XVII. 1787
Ch. XVIII. 1789
Ch. XIX. 1790-1792
Ch. XX. 1791-1792
Ch. XXI. 1791-1796
Ch. XXII. 1794-1795
Ch. XXIII. 1794
Ch. XXIV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXV. 1794-1800
Ch. XXVI. 1800-1803
Ch. XXVII. 1801-1803
Ch. XXVIII. 1800-1807
Vol. II Contents
Ch I. 1800-1807
Ch II. 1807-1810
Ch III. 1809
Ch IV. 1809-1812
Ch V. 1810-1813
Ch VI. 1811-1815
Ch VII. 1812-1815
Ch VIII. 1816-1820
Ch IX. 1816-1820
Ch X. 1816-1820
Ch XI. 1816-1820
Ch XII. 1816-1820
Ch XIII. 1816-1820
Ch XIV. 1819
Ch XV. 1820-1821
Ch XVI. 1816-1820
Ch XVII. 1820-1824
Ch XVIII. 1820-1824
Ch XIX. 1820-1824
Ch XX. 1820-1825
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Dr. Parr’s intimate friends in Hatton and the neighbourhood-—Bree family—Mrs. Edwards—Dormer family—Mr. Gaches—Mr. Willes—Mr. Williams—Mr. Dewes—Mr. and Mrs. Greatheed—Mr. Morley—Mr.Tomes—Mr. W. and Mr. J. Parkes—Mr. Fellowes—Dr. Taylor—Dr. Lambe—Dr. Winthrop.

On settling at Hatton, Dr. Parr found, in his immediate neighbourhood, some agreeable society, especially in the family of the Brees, who have been seated, it is said, almost from the time of the Conquest, in the adjacent hamlet of Beausale, where they still possess a family-house, and a small estate.

But, among his parishioners, there was one, who soon attracted, in a particular manner, his notice, and who afterwards obtained a high place in his esteem and his friendly regards. This was a young female, Miss Hannah Wilson, the daughter of a respectable farmer, handsome in person, engaging in manners; possessing more than a common share of vivacity and vigour of understanding. To the mental and moral improvement of this “interesting young person,” as Dr. Parr often described her, his cares were studiously directed; and he was accustomed to speak, with pride and pleasure, of the progress of her mind, and the opening excellencies of her character. He took delight in guiding the course of her reading; and in communicating useful information, and calling forth
mental exertion, by frequent and friendly converse. He constantly introduced her to the learned men who visited him,1 and always invited her to the literary parties meeting at his house.

At one time, he designed her, in his thoughts and wishes, for the wife of a celebrated professor, and the fellow of a college at Oxford, who was one of her admirers. But, in this instance, the impulse of affection would not obey the dictation of friendship, nor listen even to the suggestions of ambition, which might have been sufficiently gratified by an alliance with a man, high in literary fame, and rising prosperously in ecclesiastical wealth and dignity. She was afterwards married to Mr. Bellamy, a substantial yeoman, living at Hazeley House, in the neighbouring parish; and, at a subsequent period, some years after his death, she was a second time married, to John Edwards, Esq., of Stank Hill, near Warwick, and one of the aldermen of that borough.

In her house, at Hazeley, Dr. Parr always found the comforts of another home, and, in herself, the kind attentions of an affectionate friend. By her opinion he was often influenced; by her conversation he was always cheered and enlivened; and though in some of his later years she was divided

1 This lady often describes, with great pleasure and animation, her first introduction, by Dr. Parr, to some of those great men who have enlightened, adorned, and benefited the world. As thus: “Here, Mrs. Bellamy!” said Dr. Parr, “Mr. Porson; incomparably the first scholar on the earth! shake hands with him!” Thus again: “Here! I introduce to you Mr. Bentham: look at the greatest man, you ever saw! and shake hands with him!”

from his friendly intimacy, in consequence of unhappy family differences; yet she always cherished for him veneration and gratitude, as the guide of her early youth, and her faithful friend and pastor through the succeeding years of life.1

Within the distance of two miles from Hatton-parsonage is Grove Park, the seat of the noble family of the Dormers, with whom Dr. Parr was always on terms of friendly and neighbourly intimacy. They were a Catholic family; yet his esteem was increased, rather than lessened by that faithful adherence to the religion of their forefathers, for which the injustice of British law, and the jealousy of Protestant ascendency have doomed them to perpetual exclusion from some of the dearest rights of Englishmen and English peers. At their venerable mansion, known even so long ago as the reign of Edward III. by the name of “La Grave,” Dr. Parr was a frequent guest. Indeed he went thither, without any previous notice, in his ordinary costume, as often as he wished for the enlivening influence of a little cheering conversation; and he freely used the privilege of a neighbour, in borrowing books, pamphlets, and newspapers, whenever they were desired or wanted.

Charles, the eighth Lord Dormer, who died in

1 To this lady the writer has already acknowledged much obligation for many valuable communications on the subject of these Memoirs; and the reader may, perhaps, peruse them with greater confidence when he is told, that almost every page, especially of the second volume, has been compared with her vivid recollections; and by them, for the most part, corrected or confirmed.

1804, was deservedly respected for the integrity of his private, and the consistency of his public, conduct. But his son,
Charles Lord Dormer, attained still higher elevation in worth and dignity of character, and presented still stronger claims to the respectful regards of those of his own, and those of all ranks. To him Dr. Parr was warmly attached; and he often spoke in praise of the estimable qualities which he possessed. He particularly admired the ardour of his attachment to the principles of his religious faith; and highly commended his zeal, worthy of a Catholic peer, in providing, that the social worship which he supported, and on which he attended during life, should not be discontinued at his death. This lamented event happened April 2, 1819; and, by his will, he ordered that a chapel should be erected on his estate; and he attached to it a house for the residence, and a salary for the maintenance of the priest. “Now was not that a noble deed?” exclaimed Dr. Parr, speaking of it to a friend, “to take care that his indigent fellow-catholics should not want the means of religious instruction and devotion, when himself should be no more!” Thus generously did Dr. Parr applaud, on every occasion, good, wherever good was to be found,—utterly regardless of those religious differences, which ignorant or envious bigotry so often imputes as moral guilt, tainting the whole character, and vitiating the best actions.

At Wootton-Wawen, about four miles from Hatton, long lived, and, in a good old age, died, the Rev. Daniel Gaches, for thirty-eight years vicar of that parish. His father, having somewhat extravagantly
wasted a large property, called his children together, of whom he had several, and informed them, that, of the wrecks of his fortune, the portion which remained for each, amounting to a small sum, should, at their option, be devoted to the expenses of a learned education, or be put out to interest; the whole, when they came of age, to be at their own disposal. His son Daniel fixed his choice on the former of these alternatives; and was accordingly sent first to Eton, and then to Cambridge. He passed through the whole course of his studies with honourable distinction, and was presented by his college to the living of Wootton-Wawen.

Though somewhat stern in his manner, and severe in his reproaches, when he thought reproach deserved, Mr. Gaches was a kind friend, a hospitable neighbour, and an instructive and agreeable companion. Among his intimate associates were the late Sir Vicary Gibbs and Sir James Mansfield. In the general intercourse of society he appeared the polished gentleman; and in the discharge of his official duties, he approved himself the exemplary clergyman. For many years he was an able and active magistrate of the county: clear in discerning the nicest distinctions between right and wrong; prompt in explaining, and impartial in applying the maxims and rules of law, in all cases submitted to his decision.

Among classical scholars, Mr. Gaches might have claimed a place in the first rank; and a retentive memory, well fraught with all that the Grecian and Roman writers could teach, was accom-
panied with much of that critical taste and judgment, which qualify for the perusal of their inestimable works, with the truest relish and the greatest advantage. It remains, however, to be lamented, that from his learning,extensive as it was, and from his talents, considerable as they were, the public have reaped no benefit, in any literary production, which might have transmitted his name with honour to posterity.—It is of him that the following amusing anecdote is told:

Mr. Gaches had brought with him a vast accumulation of Grecian and Roman lore, from Eton and from Cambridge, into the rural village of Wootton; where it was too often suffered to gather rust from disuse. In about the thirtieth year of his secluded life, Dr. Parr first settled at Hatton; and, in no long time, hastened to pay him a visit. The pleasure of two great scholars meeting together, under such circumstances, may easily be conceived. They shook hands, and without loss of time, began to engage in a sort of literary contest: Parr, with the aid of smoking, and Gaches, who never smoked, without it. “When Greek meets Greek, then comes the tug of war.” English was almost despised; even Latin was lightly regarded; Greek was all the talk. Greek they spoke, and Greek they quoted, one passage in succession after another; so that if Lord Monboddo had been present, he might have fancied himself transported to his own beloved Athens. In this emulative display of their literary hoards, the generous strife was kept up with great spirit, and with various success, to a very late hour;
when the vicar of Wootton was forced to yield, confessing himself out-talked and out-quoted, in the language, which most he loved; adding, by way of apology, that he had lived in a retired village so long, as to have become βάρβαρος μετα βάρβαρους. Without the smallest hesitation, and without a moment’s pause, Dr. Parr consoled the vanquished Grecian, by quoting from a passage in
Menander these words:
σύγε βάρβαρος;
Ειθεν γενοιμην αύτος, ουτος βάρβαρος.

It was a subject of no small regret to their mutual friends, that these two great scholars, living so near together, and so remote from other learned associates, were too frequently divided from each other, not by literary rivalry, but by those little disputes on local and other trivial subjects, on which meaner mortals so often, and sometimes so fiercely, engage. Dr. Parr always, however, held the talents, the attainments, and the moral worth of his learned neighbour in due estimation; and on Mr. Gaches’ death, in 1805, he expressed his sense of them in an elegant Latin epitaph, inscribed on a monumental tablet, in Wootton-Wawen Church, where Mr. Gaches was buried.1

Among the neighbouring clergy whom Dr. Parr greatly esteemed, was the Rev. Edward Willes, son of the Right Hon. Edward Willes, Chief Baron of the Court of Exchequer, and one of his Majesty’s Privy-Council in Ireland. Possessed of an ample

1 App. No. II.

fortune, he lived retired at his own beautiful villa, Newbold-Comyns, near Leamington, devoted to the improvement of his estate and to the pleasures of literature. He was a man of considerable learning and deep reflection; cheerful in his temper, agreeable in his manners; and his conversation, though generally grave and instructive, was often enlivened by sallies of poignant wit and high-seasoned raillery. His admiration of the British constitution, as excellent in theory, did not prevent him from seeing and deploring its practical abuses; and though from his retired habits he was not a very active co-operator with the friends of freedom, yet he was an ardent well-wisher to all reforms, directed to the great object of checking and restraining every tendency to arbitrary rule, and of securing and extending the popular rights and liberties. A sincere friend, by honest preference, to the church of which he was a member and a minister, he was at the same time, from the dictates of an enlightened charity, not only tolerant, but friendly towards those of other churches; and was vehemently opposed to nothing, in any of the varying sects, but the bigotry too common to all. It will endear the recollection of his name to all the wise and good of every class of men and of Christians, to be told, that when the mad spirit of the Birmingham riots extended its malignant influence far and wide, and bore down the better principles in many a reasonable and virtuous mind, Mr. Willes, true to himself, amidst the general frenzy, not only protested against the horrid out-
rages, but also with the risk of personal danger, and with the certainty of personal obloquy, offered to some persecuted individuals, whom he highly esteemed, an asylum in his own house, from the storm which at that time gathered round them, and threatened to burst, in fearful vengeance, upon them.

At Wellsbourn, about eight miles from Hatton, is still living, at an advanced age, the Rev. J. H. Williams, forty years vicar of that parish, who may justly claim a distinguished place among the most enlightened and liberal clergymen of his time. He is honourably known to the public, by three admirable sermons, published during the earlier periods of the late war; in which a solemn protest, ably supported by the united powers of argument and eloquence, is delivered against the shameless but too frequent abuse of war-fasts, to the purposes of exciting or promoting, at home, suspicion and intolerance, and abroad, the mad ambition of conquest, and the wicked thirst of blood. Of a man, who united in himself so much of the great and the good, of which cultivated and improved humanity is capable, Dr. Parr could not but entertain a high opinion, and he often spoke of him in terms of fervent admiration and esteem.

The writer, an enthusiastic admirer of that liberality of spirit in others which he endeavours to cultivate in himself, cannot forbear to record the following anecdote, worthy to grace more important pages than his own. At the time when the fiery zeal of Birmingham-bigotry was raging in all
its fury, spreading, like an epidemical disease, throughout the whole body of churchmen,
Mr. Williams happened to be dining with the Wellsbourn book-club, of which he acted as president, which consisted of the principal clergy and gentry of the place and its neighbourhood. After dinner, the standing toast of the times was given,—“Church and King;” which, however innocent in itself, was then the well-known watch-word of a party, supposed to look with complacency on the firing of houses, and the burning of property—not to say the destruction of life—as a just expression of holy indignation against obstinate non-conformists. Mr. Williams, who sat as chairman, on receiving the toast, not only declined it for himself, but openly and urgently stated his objection to it; powerfully appealing to the good sense and the right feeling of all present. Finding, however, his remonstrances unavailing, from that time he resigned his presidency; and withdrew from an association, which had suffered the virulence of party-spirit to prevail over the sentiments of common justice and common humanity. He, who has ever known and felt what it is to be opposed to the. sense of a whole company, with all of whom he is connected by the ties of near neighbourhood or long acquaintance, and with many of whom he is united by the still stronger ties of friendly regard, will appreciate the true greatness of such an act, as it deserves.

At the same pleasant village of Wellsbourn, is the seat of the late Court Dewes, Esq., whom Dr. Parr was always proud to name amongst the num-
ber of his friends,1 and whom he once described to the writer, as an excellent scholar, as well as a perfect gentleman; critically skilled in Greek, Latin, Italian, and French. Mr. Dewes is known to the public as the correspondent of the celebrated
Miss Seward; and it was at his house that she was honoured with a visit from Dr. Parr, of which she has given a pleasing account in a letter to her friend Mr. Saville, dated Dec. 7, 1792. It begins thus—“When I had the honour of a visit from Dr. Parr, he stayed two days and two nights at Wellsbourn;” and after having described the high pleasure which his conversation afforded, it concludes with these words—“I saw him depart with much regret, though his morning, noon, and evening pipe involved us in clouds of tobacco, while he stayed; but they were gilded by perpetual volleys of genius and wit.”2

But of all the friends living in the surrounding neighbourhood, there was none, by whose friendship Dr. Parr thought himself more honoured than that of Bertie Greatheed, of Guy’s Cliff, Esq. Rarely, indeed, in so elevated a station, have so many great and good qualities, raising and adorning the human character, met, in one rich assemblage, as in him. Of noble descent, with a majestic person, and pleasing and polished manners, he possessed strong powers of mind, well cultivated by early education, and improved by

1Auteurs déguisez sous des noms étrangers, &c. The gift of my very accomplished and worthy neighbour, Court Dewes, Esq., Oct. 26, 1791. S. P.”—Bibl. Parr. p. 275.

2 See another extract from the same letter, p. 157.

constant reading and reflection; aided by all the advantages of frequent intercourse with many of the most distinguished men of his time, and of a long residence in most of the principal countries of Europe. With the personal and intellectual endowments forming the accomplished gentleman, were associated the yet more important qualities, which constitute the virtuous man and the dignified Christian. In him, fervour of religious feeling, ardour of benevolent sentiment, purity of moral principle, soared above the ordinary standard of human excellence, even as it is to be seen in conditions of life less exposed, than those of rank and grandeur, to dangerous or pernicious influences.

Mr. Greatheed married his cousin, Miss Greatheed; a lady older than himself, but admirably qualified to insure and promote his happiness, by participating largely with him, in the same religious and moral feelings, in the same taste for the pure and simple pleasures of life, and the same delight in all the generous exertions of a benevolent spirit: and these qualities, possessed in common, were accompanied in her with a gay vivacity of temper and an engaging sprightliness of manner, peculiarly her own. Never, perhaps, was there, in the married state, a more perfect union of minds; and their great enjoyment through life seemed to be in each other’s society. They could not bear long separation; and from the day of their marriage, it is said, they were never afterwards, for many days together, separated. Thus united in life, they were scarcely divided in death. Mr. Greatheed, who had long enjoyed the reward of
virtuous temperance, in the possession of almost uninterrupted health, after a short illness, died Jan. 16, 1826; and from that time, Mrs. Greatheed seemed to droop and to bend down, as if with desire, to the grave; neither expecting nor wishing much longer life. On the morning of June 1st, in the same year, she rose apparently as well as usual; but, in the act of dressing, felt herself ill; and, sitting down in a chair, within a few moments expired. She was interred in St. Mary’s Church, Warwick, between the remains of a
son, whom she fervently loved, and those of a husband, whom she almost adored.

That son was their only child, deservedly their pride and their joy; whose opening character gave the fairest promise of virtuous excellence; and who, in the numerous and beautiful, and some even splendid, paintings, adorning the mansion of which he was once the heir, exhibited an extraordinary display of premature genius. Alas! at the age of twenty-two, to the inexpressible and inconsolable grief of his parents, and to the deep regret of all who knew him, he died, after a few days’ illness, at Vicenza, in Italy, Oct. 8, 1804. He left one daughter, the solace at first, and afterwards the delight of those who had lost in her father almost the love of life. She has since become the wife of the Hon. C. Bertie Percy, sixth son of the Earl of Beverley; and is now the inheritor of her grandfather’s fortune, and the possessor of Guy’s Cliff—so much admired for the pleasing and picturesque charms of its situation, and so long celebrated by the fame of its ancient inhabitant. To this lady, Dr. Parr
has bequeathed a mourning-ring, “in testimony,” as he expresses it, “of his high regard for her ingenious father, and her truly excellent grandfather.”

Mr. Greatheed’s paternal inheritance, which was not large, consisted principally of West Indian estates, of uncertain produce. By great failure in his rental, and sometimes by the want of prudent economy, he was more than once reduced to considerable difficulties. But there was even, then, no unmanly depression of spirits in himself; and no mean servility with the hope of patronage from others. He contracted his expenses, and preserved his independence. He was nephew of the last Duke of Ancaster; on whose decease, in 1809, he had reason to expect some accession of fortune. But to his surprise and disappointment, he found the only provision made by the Duke’s will in his favour, was, the reversion of a very large sum, indeed, but entirely contingent on the death of a young man, then about eighteen, before attaining the age of twenty-five. Singular to relate, this young man, —— Collier, Esq., travelling in Italy with a party of friends, was attacked by banditti, plundered, beaten, threatened with death, detained many hours in dreadful suspense; and being afterwards released, on his arrival at Rome, whither he went, was taken ill of a fever, which terminated fatally. He died at the age of twenty-three; and thus Mr. Greatheed came into the possession of 7000l. a year.

Early in life, Mr. Greatheed aspired to the distinction of a writer, in the highest department of
literary composition;1 and produced a tragedy with the title of “
The Regent,” founded on a Spanish story; and expressly intended to give display to the talents of the celebrated actress, Mrs. Siddons, who had once been in the humble station of domestic attendant on his mother, Lady Mary Greatheed, and who afterwards obtained a high place in his esteem and friendly regards. The play was acted at Drury Lane, with considerable applause; and the part of Mrs. Siddons was sustained with powerful effect. But unfortunately, at that period, the king was labouring under the dreadful malady, which rendered the appointment of a regent necessary; when the bill, for that purpose, brought forward by the minister, it is well known, produced some of the most violent debates ever remembered in parliament, and created no small degree of suspense and agitation throughout the country. In this feverish state of the public mind, it was thought expedient, on account of its title and its subject, that the play, after a successful run of six or seven nights, should be withdrawn; and it was never afterwards revived. Though not, perhaps, entitled to a very high place in the class of composition to which it belongs, yet it is written in elegant, often nervous, language: it depicts, in glowing colours, the passions it is intended to represent; and abounds in strong and just sentiments, perhaps, more than in pathetic incidents, or interesting

1 He was also a poet, as appears from the following notice: “Florence Miscellany; a Collection of Poems. The gift of my enlightened friend, Bertie Greatheed, Esq., who contributed to this publication. S. P.”—Bibl. Parr. p. 518.

situations. Probably, there is in it too much of that “inactive declamation,” which, as
Dr. Johnson observes, “on our stage is very coldly heard, however musical or elegant, however passionate or sublime.”

As a member of the state—with all due reverence for the monarchy and aristocracy, Mr. Greatheed was fervently attached to the popular part of our constitution; and he thought the power of the crown and the influence of the peers so dangerously increased, as to require vigorous counteraction, by watchful and jealous care, directed to the preservation and extension of the rights and liberties of the people. Whenever, therefore, the spirit of the town, or the county, in which he lived, was roused to the consideration of any great question of national interest, he was always found in the ranks of those who, whilst ready to support the just and necessary measures of government, are equally determined to oppose all unjust, arbitrary, and oppressive measures, from whatever quarter proceeding, and under whatever pretence, disguised or defended.

As a member of the church—though firm and devoted in his adherence to it, he was by no means indiscriminate in his admiration of it. Most of its mysterious dogmas he openly discarded; and all its uncharitable anathemas he utterly abjured. He thought that some reforms, in its present state, were absolutely required; and that some improvements, suited to more improved times, might be wisely admitted. But with a decided opinion in favour of the national establishment, he acknow-
ledged, and, indeed, zealously maintained the right of toleration, in its fullest extent.

And here some grateful feelings arise, in the mind of the writer, in giving expression to which, he hopes to be pardoned. When, early in life, he was himself an object of persecution to some intolerant clergymen, he found a shield of powerful protection in the candour and the rectitude, and in the great name and authority, of Mr. Greatheed. When they falsely accused, he defended; when they unjustly reproached, he applauded; when they cruelly threatened, he encouraged. The publications, which the writer thought it necessary to send forth from the press in his own vindication, were all of them revised, corrected, and approved by Mr. Greatheed. Thus, like the figure of Justice, blind to what may be thought natural partialities, and regardful of nothing but holding with an even hand the great balance of truth and right, he stood on the side of the persecuted, though of another church, and opposed and condemned a persecuting spirit, even in the members of his own.

One of the earliest and most intimate of Dr. Parr’s friends in Warwickshire, was the late John Parry, Esq., for many years an eminent solicitor of Warwick, and for some years coroner for the county. He was a man of considerable powers of mind, well cultivated by early education; and afterwards exercised and improved by some reading, and by much observation of men and things, both in the discharge of professional duty, and in the general intercourse of society. Sincerity and
warmth of attachment contributed to form in him the valuable friend; cheerful good humour and obliging manners, the agreeable companion; and just and honourable conduct, the estimable man. He was the more endeared to Dr. Parr, as a Whig of high tone and ardent spirit; who would have scorned to barter his principles for gain, or to desert them even in the worst of times. His house was the constant scene of generous hospitalities; and few of his numerous guests were received with more cordial welcome than
Dr. Parr. But the pleasures of this social intercourse were not of long duration; for, early in Sept. 1792, Mr. Parry died. After his death, the house of his amiable widow was the frequent resort of Dr. Parr; where he always found the comforts of a home united with those, which the kind attentions of grateful friendship are sure to supply.

Among the earlier friends, whose acquaintance Dr. Parr cultivated during his residence at Hatton, honourable mention is due to the Rev. Mr. Morley, John Tomes, Esq., and Mr. William and Mr. John Parkes. The first, during the time when he was curate of Hampton-Lucy, was devoted in his attachment, and unceasing in his attentions to Dr. Parr; visiting him often, and rendering all the useful services of a literary assistant, and especially of an amanuensis. It was he who wrote the spirited sketch of the life and character of his illustrious friend, partly from his own dictation, given in the second volume of “Public Characters,” which appeared in 1810. For many years, distance of residence had prevented much personal intercourse;
but the friendly assistant, to whom Dr. Parr was so often indebted, is thus respectfully noticed in his last will. “I give a ring to the Rev. and ingenious Mr. Morley of Aylesbury.”

In Mr. Tomes of Warwick, Dr. Parr always admired the vigorous understanding and useful activity, by which he is distinguished in private life; and he applauded the consistency and integrity of his public conduct; guided, as it has ever been, by large and enlightened views on all great questions, connected with the wise policy, the just rights and liberties, and the true prosperity and glory of the country. This gentleman has since been raised, by the almost unanimous suffrage of his fellow-townsmen, to the honour of being one of their representatives in parliament; and thus they have borne a high testimony of their respect for his public and private character, and of their gratitude for his exertions, so constantly directed to the local improvements, political freedom, and general welfare of their town.

Within the whole circle of his acquaintance, there were few persons of whom Dr. Parr entertained a higher opinion, or for whom he cherished a more sincere and affectionate regard, than for the late Mr. William Parkes, and his brother, Mr. John Parkes, who still survives. At one or other of their houses, in Warwick, he was in the habit of visiting frequently, and always with great satisfaction to himself. With them, he delighted to converse; to them, he was accustomed to disclose every secret of his heart; to them, he intrusted, for many years, with implicit confidence, the ma-
nagement of his pecuniary, and many other of his most important affairs. When no opportunity of personal interviews occurred, hardly a day passed, either at home or abroad, in which he did not communicate with them by writing. A large collection of letters, notes and scraps now lies before the writer, addressed to one of them, being a small portion only, in comparison with the vast number which have not been preserved. In these, he gives to his friend an account, more or less minute, of his occupations, his visits, his journeys, his readings, his reflections, his cares, his joys, and his sorrows. They would strongly remind the classical reader of the correspondence of
Augustus with Atticus, as described by Cornelius Nepos.1 Such an instance of friendship, subsisting in all its sincerity, and all its ardour, between persons not of the same religious creed, may appear somewhat extraordinary; especially in times when the raging spirit of party so often divides men of real worth from each other, and forbids the cultivation of those friendly intimacies, which could not fail to be the source of mutual pleasure and improvement.

It was within a few years after his settlement at Hatton, that Dr. Parr’s acquaintance began with the Rev. Robert Fellowes, who was afterwards admitted into the number of his most inti-

1 Nullus dies temere intercessit, quo non ad eum scriberet; adeo ut accuratè ille quid ageret, quid legeret, quid curæ sibi haberet, quibusque in locis, et quamdiu esset moraturus, certiorem faceret.—Vita Attici.

mate and beloved friends, and of whom, at that time, he thus wrote:

“He is curate of Harbury in Warwickshire, where I have often seen him employed among a well-chosen collection of books, and have been pleased with his conversation upon many interesting points of ethics, literature, and divinity. Now, in consequence of some reproaches thrown upon his character, I am bounden to say that I am acquainted with no clergyman in this or any neighbouring county, who is more respectable than Mr. Fellowes, for diligence in his studies, for acuteness in his understanding, for purity in his principles, for regularity and exactness in the discharge of his clerical duties, or integrity in the whole tenour of his life. He possesses only a scanty income, and has no prospect, I believe, of ecclesiastical preferment. But he administers medicine to the sick; he gives alms to the needy; he offers instruction to the ignorant; he visits the fatherless and the widow in their affliction; and keeps himself, in no common degree, unspotted from the world. He has sense enough to be a Christian without bigotry, and virtue enough to be a philosopher without profaneness. He professes Christianity from conviction; he explains it with perspicuity; he defends it with ardour; and he comments upon the temper and the actions of its blessed Author with reverence the most profound, and eloquence the most impressive.”1

1 Spital Sermon, notes, p. 81.


Among the frequent visitants at Hatton, during this early period, several distinguished members of that profession, which Dr. Parr ever held most in honour, remain to be mentioned.

Of these, the first was Dr. Taylor of Caithness, of whom, in a recent publication, Dr. Parr thus speaks: “He was a scholar, a philosopher, an acute physician—and my friend—while living, scarcely noticed at Warwick.”1 Of the few, however, the writer has the satisfaction to recollect that he was one, by whom Dr. Taylor was not only noticed, but highly regarded; and who derived much pleasure and improvement from cultivating his acquaintance. Similarity of opinion drew closer between them the ties of friendly intimacy. They entertained the same views of religious and Christian truth, and worshipped together in the same temple; and their thoughts were completely in unison on all the great subjects, connected with all the great interests of moral and social beings.

A second distinguished name to be mentioned, is that of Dr. Lambe, author of several important medical publications; of whom Dr. Parr thus expresses his high opinion: “He is a man of learning, a man of science, a man of genius, a man of distinguished integrity and honour, and my highly valued friend.”2 Favoured by the kind attention of such a man during his residence at Warwick, the writer may be pardoned for recording, in these pages, the honour and the happiness he could not

1 Bibl. Parr. p. 477. 2 Ibid, p. 471

but sensibly feel. Many and most pleasant, indeed, were the hours which he passed in listening to Dr. Lambe’s cheerful and instructive conversation; and sometimes in witnessing the progress of those ingenious chymical experiments, in which Dr. Lambe was at that time engaged, and of which the results have since been given to the world. From Warwick, he removed to a more extensive scene of activity and usefulness in London, where he still resides.

Nor can the writer refuse himself the gratification of offering a tribute of respectful remembrance to another member of the same profession, now no more, whom Dr. Parr numbered among his visitors and friends. This was Dr. Winthrop; who, after practising some time at Warwick, removed first to London, and then to Tunbridge, where, early in life, he died. The writer had the happiness to receive from him many proofs of friendly regards, in the intercourse of private life; and even in his public religious service, though of a different church, he was always encouraged by his approbation, and often animated by his presence. In Dr. Winthrop, all the qualities constituting the able physician and the estimable man, were accompanied and consecrated by a more than ordinary portion of devotional sentiment; and were crowned by a large share of that candour and liberality of spirit, which ennobles human character, and promotes so greatly the happiness of social life.